In early February, the network was excited by a video about the Krasnoyarsk meteorite. In the video, the celestial body penetrates through a residential building-tens of thousands of views. Another news about a nurse-anesthesiologist, allegedly for fun, he kills veterans in the Kirov hospital, and also reports that the first lottery billionaire in Russia is not real.
“This information was dragged by the media, and according to our analysis, it turned out that there were more than 300 publications and stories on TV. And then suddenly it turned out that there was nothing. In other words, this is all fake”, – said Alexander Malkevich, Chairman of the Russian OP Commission for the development of the information community, mass media and mass communications.
The Public chamber presented the “fake Index”, a kind of hit parade of the most common false news of the month. This includes reports of coronavirus, missing nonexistent children, and even fraudulent throw-ins for world war II veterans. Such information can not only mislead citizens, but also cause serious shocks and even panic.
“The information has three levels of speed of propagation. Telegram is the first level, currently the fastest. They make a humpback any way they can. The information that appears in Telegram is generally spontaneous. The second level of media is printed media. They need to find information very quickly, so they check briefly, and sometimes it arrives very well. And third, it is conditional when a news item appears in the news feed of “Russia 24″. Even there, through all these screens and filters of checks, fake information sometimes gets through”, – says Trofim Tatarenkov, the author of the telegram channel “unsociable Network”.
According to VTSIOM, every second Russian citizen faces fake news, and 42% of citizens cannot distinguish reliable news from false news.
“”You really need to limit fake information: socially significant and socially insignificant. This is the first level of clipping. The second level of the cut-off is, for example, and that, in General, is truth?”, – says lawyer Ilya Remeslo.
The participants of the round table discussed the operation of the law on insulting state symbols, as well as the protection of the security of personal information and personal data of network users.
“The world really understands that now a large amount of user data is processed on the Internet. This topic needs to be regulated. Plus, we have an Association that was recently created, the Big Data Association, which is also working on the concept of finalizing Russian legislation”, – says Kristina Borovikova, Manager for information security and cybersecurity at KPMG in Russia and the CIS.
“It seems to us that an important, effective first step, and it is simple, is to achieve the introduction of self-regulation mechanisms on the sites of Russian social networks. The big issue, and we will work on it, is deanonymization of users. We need to get away from the fact that an anonymous person with some kind of click creates a fake account, a fake community in which some non-existent people also pump up false information”, – Alexander Malkevich sums up.
Based on materials from the Federal news Agency (Riafan.ru). By Sergey Petrov